Public Sector Efficiency - Applications to Local Governments in Germany

von: Alexander Kalb

Gabler Verlag, 2010

ISBN: 9783834986979 , 184 Seiten

Format: PDF, OL

Kopierschutz: DRM

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Preis: 74,89 EUR

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Public Sector Efficiency - Applications to Local Governments in Germany


 

Preface

6

Table of Contents

7

List of Figures

10

List of Tables

11

Chapter 1 Introduction: Theme, Objectives and Structure of the Book

12

1.1 Theme and Objectives of the Book

12

1.1.1 Definitions

13

1.1.2 Public versus Private Sector

15

1.2 Structure of the Book

17

Chapter 2 Methodology: Frontier Efficiency Measurement Techniques

20

2.1 Introduction

20

2.2 Non-Parametric Approaches: Mathematical Programming Models

21

2.2.1 Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

21

2.2.2 Input-Oriented DEA Model

22

2.2.3 Output-Oriented DEA Model

24

2.2.4 Free Disposable Hull (FDH)

25

2.3 Incorporating Exogenous Influences on Efficiency into Non-Parametric Approaches

27

2.3.1 Incorporation into the Programming Problem

27

2.3.2 Two-Stage Approach

28

2.4 Parametric Approaches: Econometric Models

30

2.4.1 Deterministic Approaches

31

2.4.2 Stochastic Approaches

34

2.5 Incorporating Exogenous Influences on Efficiency into Parametric Approaches

39

2.6 Software Issues

41

Chapter 3 Literature Review on Efficiency Studies in the Public Sector

44

3.1 Introduction

44

3.2 Culture

45

3.3 Education

46

3.4 Energy Supply

49

3.5 Health Care

51

3.6 Public Facilities

54

3.7 Security

56

3.8 Transportation

57

3.9 Administrative Units

60

3.9.1 Local Governments

60

3.9.2 Countries

62

3.10 Conclusion

63

Chapter 4 Applications to German Local Governments

66

4.1 Introduction

66

4.2 Institutional Setting of the Local Governments in Germany

67

4.2.1 Political System

67

4.2.2 Financial System

68

4.2.3 Tasks of the Local Governments

72

4.3 Demographic Change, Economies of Scale and Efficiency

75

4.3.1 Introduction

75

4.3.2 Local Government Efficiency

76

4.3.3 Economies of Scale

82

4.3.4 Conclusion

84

4.4 Intergovernmental Grants and Efficiency

85

4.4.1 Introduction

85

4.4.2 Theoretical Analysis

86

4.4.3 Empirical Analysis

92

4.4.4 Conclusion

97

4.5 Voter Involvement, Fiscal Autonomy and Efficiency

97

4.5.1 Introduction

97

4.5.2 Theoretical Background and Hypotheses

99

4.5.3 Empirical Analysis

100

4.5.4 Conclusion

106

4.6 Determinants of Efficiency: The Case of Road Maintenance

107

4.6.1 Introduction

107

4.6.2 Estimation Approach and Data

108

4.6.3 Results

111

4.6.4 Conclusion

116

Chapter 5 Summary and Conclusions

118

Bibliography

124

Appendices

147

Appendix A Data Sources and Definitions

148

Appendix B Tables: Estimation Results

150

Appendix C Synoptic Table: Literature Review on Efficiency Studies in the Public Sector

158