An Integrated Assessment of China's Ecological Restoration Programs

von: Runsheng Yin

Springer-Verlag, 2009

ISBN: 9789048126552 , 261 Seiten

Format: PDF, OL

Kopierschutz: DRM

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An Integrated Assessment of China's Ecological Restoration Programs


 

Foreword

5

Preface

7

Acknowledgments

14

Contents

16

Contributors

18

List of Figures

21

List of Tables

24

China’s Ecological Restoration Programs: Initiation, Implementation, and Challenges

27

1.1 Introduction

27

1.2 Program Contents

30

1.3 Implementation and Outcome

35

1.4 Main Challenges

39

1.5 Concluding Remarks

43

References

44

Assessing China’s Ecological Restoration Programs: What’s Been Done andWhat Remains to Be Done?

46

2.1 Introduction

47

2.2 Implementation Efficacy

49

2.3 SLCP’s Socioeconomic Impacts

51

2.4 NFPP’s Socioeconomic Impacts

55

2.5 The Environmental Impacts

57

2.6 Synthesis and Future Research

58

References

61

Methodology for an Integrative Assessment of China’s Ecological Restoration Programs

64

3.1 Introduction

64

3.2 A Basic Framework

66

3.3 The Empirical Approach

67

3.4 Assessing Environmental Impacts and Effectiveness

69

3.5 Assessing Socioeconomic Impacts

71

3.6 Data Generation and Acquisition

75

3.7 Synthesis and Actions

76

References

77

Land Cover Changes in Northeast China from the late 1970s to 2004

80

4.1 Introduction

80

4.2 Study Area

82

4.3 Materials and Methods

83

4.4 Results

85

4.5 Conclusions and Discussion

91

References

91

Modeling the Driving Forces of the Land Use and Land Cover Changes Along the Upper Yangtze River

93

5.1 Introduction

93

5.2 Study Site

95

5.3 Methods

96

5.4 Data Description

98

5.5 Estimation Results

101

5.6 Conclusions and Discussion

103

Appendix: Definition and Variation of Some Key Variables

105

References

107

An Integrative Approach to Modeling Land Use Changes: The Multiple Facets of Agriculture in the Upper Yangtze Basin

109

6.1 Introduction

109

6.2 Methods and Data

111

6.3 Estimated Results

117

6.4 Conclusions and Implications

119

References

121

Quantifying Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics in the Upper Yangtze Basin from 1975 to 2000

123

7.1 Introduction

124

7.2 Methods

125

7.3 Results and Discussion

127

7.4 Summary

133

References

134

Process-Based Soil Erosion Simulation on a Regional Scale: The Effect of Ecological Restoration in the Chinese Loess Plateau

137

8.1 Introduction

137

8.2 Study Site

138

8.3 Method and Material

140

8.4 Simulation Results

143

8.5 Conclusions and Discussion

148

Appendix 1: The MMF Method

150

Appendix 2: Imagery Processing for Estimating Land- Cover Changes

152

References

153

Conservation Payments, Liquidity Constraintsand Off-Farm Labor: Impact of the Grain forGreen Program on Rural Households in China

155

9.1 Introduction

155

9.2 The Grain for Green Program

159

9.3 Data

161

9.4 Identification Strategy

165

9.5 Effect of the Grain for Green Program on Off-Farm Labor

169

9.6 Heterogeneous Program Effect on Off-Farm Labor

171

9.7 Conclusion

176

9.8 Appendix: Assessing Recall Bias

178

References

180

An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of China’s Land Conversion Program on Farmers’ Income Growth and Labor Transfer

182

10.1 Introduction

182

10.2 Theory and Methods

185

10.3 Site and Data

187

10.4 Estimated Results

191

10.5 Conclusions and Discussion

193

References

195

An Evaluation of the Impact of the Natural Forest Protection Programme on Rural Household Livelihoods

197

11.1 Introduction

197

11.2 Background to the NFPP

199

11.3 The Policy Evaluation Problem

202

11.4 Impact of NFPP on Household Incomes

208

11.5 Results

211

11.6 Conclusion

217

References

219

An Estimation of the Effects of China’s Forestry Programs on Farmers’ Income

222

12.1 Introduction

223

12.2 Method and Data

227

12.3 Empirical Results

233

12.4 Conclusions and Discussion

237

References

238

Agricultural Productivity Changes Induced by the Sloping Land Conversion Program: An Analysis of Wuqi County in the Loess Plateau Region

240

13.1 Introduction

241

13.2 Method

243

13.3 Results

248

13.4 Conclusions and Discussion

251

References

253

Measuring the Aggregate Socioeconomic Impacts of China’s Natural Forest Protection Program

255

14.1 Introduction

255

14.2 Impacts of the NFPP

258

14.3 I–O Models and Data

260

14.4 Results

264

14.5 Conclusions and Discussion

267

References

273

Index

275